Mate Selection Choosing a mate is a problem that humans share with most other animals because successful reproduction is central to natural selection. Peahens choose among the most attractive peacocks, female elephant seals pick males who have already attracted large harems, and even promiscuous chimpanzees exercise choice about the other chimps with which they will be promiscuous. Among mammals, however, humans are in a small minority in one important way: Across human societies, though, men and women bond together in marriage Broude ; United Nations Not all human mating occurs within such bonds; within and across societies, polygamous arrangements are relatively common Broude In considering how and why people choose mates, therefore, two points are significant:
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Duration[ edit ] The average duration of courtship varies considerably throughout the world. Furthermore, there is vast individual variation between couples. Courtship may be completely omitted, as in cases of some arranged marriages where the couple do not meet before the wedding. In the United Kingdom , a poll of 3,  engaged or married couples resulted in an average duration between first meeting and accepted proposal of marriage of 2 years and 11 months,   with the women feeling ready to accept at an average of 2 years and 7 months.
Chapter 08 – Dating and Mate Selection. This book has been updated. The new version of this chapter is located at
Dating, Mating and Relating: Additions were last made on Wednesday, May 7, Introduction The purpose of our project was to better understand dating patterns in college age students. Dating is an activity that most college age students are engaged in or are at least interested in. We chose a questionnaire with these questions: Please list the top five characteristics that attract others to you; Please list the top five characteristics that you are attracted to in others; Why Do You Date?
In our research for the project we examined many disciplines including history, sociology, psychology, biology, and chemistry. We also explored how cultural differences and non-traditional couples transgress main stream ideas about dating. This interdisciplinary research led us to a complex understanding about our topic. Dating is a practice that is influenced by the time period, social conditions and constructs, biology, cultural norms, and institutional structures that surround people.
The audience of this education project is our peers who are involved in college aged dating in the present. We hope to provide some background for them to understand why people date the way they do today. We want to educate our peers about the history of dating, and how the social and biological sciences evaluate the practice in modern times.
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January 7, ] volution is the cornerstone of modern biology. It unites all the fields of biology under one theoretical umbrella. It is not a difficult concept, but very few people — the majority of biologists included — have a satisfactory grasp of it. One common mistake is believing that species can be arranged on an evolutionary ladder from bacteria through “lower” animals, to “higher” animals and, finally, up to man. Mistakes permeate popular science expositions of evolutionary biology.
While researchers have long examined the dating and mate selection patterns among young adults, the vast majority have utilized Western samples. In order to further our understanding of the changing nature of dating behaviors and attitudes, this study examines a sample of young Chinese adults and focuses upon the gender differences therein.
But how do we choose? After all, we meet hundreds, even thousands, of people in the course of our daily lives. What makes two people pick one another from among the myriad available candidates? Psychological science has long been trying to answer this question, and with considerable success. Two main theories have guided scientific thinking on the subject.
First is evolutionary theory , which claims that behavioral tendencies, physical characteristics, and personality features that promote our chances to survive and reproduce become, by that virtue, desirable to us.
What is Love? Understanding The Process of Human Mate Selection
Recently, however, scholars have begun to expand upon this paradigm by showing that biological factors such as genes, which are passed from parents to offspring, can also help explain differences in political attitudes and behaviors. As a result, illuminating how spouses select one another is the first step toward understanding both the genetic and social transmission of political preferences from parents to offspring.
Yet the question of whether individuals actively seek out mates who are more politically similar is unknown. To address this lacuna, data were gathered from Internet dating profiles. These data show that most individuals are reluctant to advertise politics when attempting to attract a mate.
Enjoy dating and mate selection. It is a wonderful time of your life that can be the best and simultaneously the worst of times. It may help for you to understand a bit more about yourself so that you can develop a strategy in being proactive and focused in your date and/or mate selection experiences.
Cycle 5, Abstract: When humans experience attraction, most people are not aware of myriad biological processes driving their desire. This paper seeks to synthesize different research on the processes behind human mate selection. It looks specifically at how olfaction connects factors such as the major histocompatibility complex MCH , chemosignals and pheromones, and chemical pathways in the brain. Olfaction has been underestimated when it comes to mate selection because humans are less conscious of the information transmitted to them by smell as they are of visual and auditory cues.
That being said, the information humans receive through olfaction is incredibly important when looking for a mate. Through olfaction, people receive information about MCH, a complicated gene that, among other things, is a measure of genetic relatedness. Research has found that people are instinctively drawn to those with dissimilar MCH genes, and that couples tend to be far less related than an average sampling of the population. Humans also pick up pheromones and chemosignals from potential mates through olfaction.
Chemosignals influence reproductive development and drive people to reproductively ready mates. Finally, neurochemical pathways are created between pleasant scents and chemicals released in the brain, including testosterone, norepinephrine, dopamine, and oxytocin. These processes, made possible through olfaction, work together to influence how humans select their mates.
Introduction Attraction is a billion-dollar industry. Most humans experience some form of physical attraction, yet most of the time they cannot rationally explain its cause.
MATE SELECTION THEORIES
Key traits are analyzed, including height, body mass index, age, education, income, personality, social attitudes, and religiosity. This revealed near-zero genetic influences on male and female mate choice over all traits and no significant genetic influences on mate choice for any specific trait. We also tested for evidence of sexual imprinting, where individuals acquire mate-choice criteria during development by using their opposite-sex parent as the template of a desirable mate; there was no such effect for any trait.
The main discernable pattern to mate choice was assortative mating; we found that partner similarity was due to initial choice rather than convergence and also due at least in part to phenotypic matching.
Mate selection is the most important event in the life of a person. Various factors influence this process round the globe such as educational background, parental influence, religion and .
Emphasis is placed on the customs that regulate choice of mates. A counter perspective views the family as an association. This perspective centers instead on the couple and attempts to understand the process of marital dyad formation. Both of these perspectives generate an abundance of knowledge concerning mate selection. Sociological inquiry that sees the family as a social institution in the context of the larger society focuses instead on the evolution of courtship systems as societies modernize.
In this respect, it is important to note the contributions of scholars such as Bernard Murstein , who have pointed out the importance of cultural and historical effects on courtship systems that lead to marriage.
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The initial _____ phase of Murstein’s mate selection theory involves viewing a potential partner based on external attributes such as looks and style of dress. role exchange.
Whether it is peahens preferring peacocks with more elaborate trains  or female common chimpanzees preferring males who possess higher social dominance  , males and females of most species display adaptive forms of preferential mate choice. Evolutionary psychologists were among the first to propose similar sex differences might exist in human mate preferences.
One way to evaluate whether women possess long-term mate preferences for cues to status-related traits is to directly ask people whether they prefer those attributes in long-term mates via methods such as self-report surveys , and then compare the intensity of responses of women and men. Negative d values typically indicate women score more highly on a particular preference, whereas positive values indicate men score more highly. Obviously, these findings are not definitive proof that men and women differ in the evolved design of long-term mate preferences.
The findings are merely tests of evolutionary-guided hypotheses, and the tests were supportive of specially-designed sex differences existing in human mate preferences. Still, some critics challenge these results, arguing yes, but… 1 Yes, but…that is just one study. One cannot trust the results of just one study. Evolutionary psychologists need to conduct many more studies before I am convinced these effects are legitimate, let alone evidence of evolved psychology. Actually, most investigations of sex differences in mate preferences have been supportive of these hypotheses to be honest, virtually all studies have.
Numerous additional investigations have since replicated these basic sex differences in long-term mate preferences among college students        . People in the real world e. Actually, yes they do   .